Williams Syndrome

Overview

What is Williams syndrome?

Williams syndrome is a genetic condition that is present at birth. It is characterized by developmental delay, learning difficulties, a unique personality-type that combines high sociability (over-friendliness) and high levels of empathy with anxiety. People with Williams syndrome have a typical facial appearance that includes a short nose with a broad tip, a wide mouth, full cheeks, full lips, and a small chin. They are often described as “elfin-like.” They are also likely to have a long neck, sloping shoulders, short stature, limited joint mobility, and a curved spine. People with Williams syndrome are also prone to heart disease caused by narrow arteries.

SOURCE: Emory University - Department of Human Genetics in collaboration with ThinkGenetic • https://www.thinkgenetic.com/diseases/williams-syndrome/overview/18397 • DATE UPDATED: 2016-06-15

References

http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/williams/williams.htm

https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/williams-syndrome

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1249/

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