Female Reproductive Diseases

Sexual reproduction provides the means for preserving genetic identity and in turn, genetic variability may affect the ability to reproduce. 1 Genetic causes for disorders of the female reproductive system can range from single-gene defects that can cause infertility to complex inheritance patterns associated with endometriosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome for example. Chromosomal abnormalities account for ∼60% of all spontaneous abortions, and the most common type, trisomy, is closely associated with advanced maternal age.

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