Eye diseases

Your eyes are an important window to your overall health and it might surprise you to learn that genetic factors can play a role in many types of eye disease, including those diseases that are the leading cause of blindness. Genetics can also play a role in vision problems that occur in otherwise healthy eyes.

Greater than 60 percent of cases of blindness among infants are caused by inherited eye diseases such as cataracts, congenital glaucoma, retinal degeneration, and eye malformations to name a few. Up to 40% of patients with certain types of strabismus (when the eyes are misaligned) have a family history of the disease and efforts are currently underway to identify the responsible genes.

Genetic ophthalmologic researchers now have evidence that the most common vision problems among children and adults are genetically determined.

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