Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Congenital disorder, also known as congenital disease, birth defect or anomaly, is a condition existing at or before birth regardless of cause. Congenital disorders can be inherited or occur as a result of environmental factors. Birth defects are present in about 3% of newborns in USA. Although congenital anomalies may be genetic, infectious, nutritional or environmental in origin, most often it is difficult to identify the exact causes. The most common severe congenital disorders/anomalies are heart defects, neural tube defects and Down syndrome.

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