Canavan disease


Are there any other diseases that look like Canavan disease?

There are several other genetic conditions that can cause a loss of nerve cells (neurons) during the infancy period and cause a larger than average head size. Conditions that have similar symptoms are Alexander disease, Tay-Sachs disease, metachromatic leukodystrophy, and glutaricacidemia type 1.

The mild/juvenile form of Canavan disease may be misdiagnosed as a mitochondrial disorder such as Leigh syndrome or metabolic disorders such as glycine encephalopathy.

Matalon, R, Michals-Matalon K. GeneReviews website. Updated August 11, 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2016, from

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