Can you prevent Arts syndrome?
There is nothing you could have done to prevent Arts syndrome. Arts syndrome is caused by an unexpected change, called a mutation, in one of the body's genes. This gene is called PRPS1. People have about 20,000-25,000 genes in their bodies. Our genes contain our body's genetic information, called DNA. Genes are inherited from our parents and passed on to our children. Genes are like our body's instruction manual – they control the growth, development and normal function of the body. When a mutation happens in a gene, the gene cannot work properly. It is like a section of the body's instruction manual is not correct, and it causes problems with the normal development and functioning of the body. When there is a mutation in the PRPS1 gene, it causes Arts syndrome. You have no control over whether you inherit a PRPS1 gene with a mutation from your parent, or whether you pass it on to your children.
de Brouwer APM, Duley JA, Christodoulou J. Arts syndrome. 2008 Oct 21 [Updated 2011 Mar 29]. In: Pagon RA, Adam MP, Ardinger HH, et al., editors. GeneReviews® [Internet]. Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle; 1993-2016. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2591/