Is there a treatment for Aniridia?
There is no direct treatment of aniridia; rather, treating aniridia entails treating its various individual manifestations. Those affected should have regular eye exams to help assess and predict future visual functioning. Among the most commonly treated symptoms of aniridia are corrections of refractive errors and treatment of anisometropic amblyopia or strabismic amblyopia in childhood through occlusion therapy.
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Are there other organ or symptom specific treatments for Aniridia?
Select medical problems that result from aniridia may be treated: both glaucoma and corneal disease (aniridic keratopathy) warrant treatment, and lens opacities can be treated via cataract extraction.
Are there surveillance recommendations for the clinical manifestations of Aniridia?
Regular surveillance is essential to maintaining optimal visual functioning for as long as possible. Recommended surveys include annual glaucoma screening, assessing intraocular pressure and audiological evaluations for those children whose hearing may be adversely affected. Syndrome-related aniridia requires further surveillance: children with WAGR syndrome require renal ultrasounds every three months until the age of 8 to screen for Wilms tumors, and individuals with Aniridic Fibrosis syndrome would need multiple further ocular procedures.
Do treatments for Aniridia involve surgery or just medication?
Surgery is only necessary for those problematic features of aniridia that do not or could not respond to medication. Glaucoma is usually treated using medication therapy such as topical anti-glaucoma medication, and surgery is only reserved for eyes unresponsive to medical therapy.