Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency


Are there other diseases with the same symptoms as alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?

The health complications for people with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency AATD, like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), breathing problems, and liver disease, can occur for many reasons. In fact, doctors cannot usually tell by your symptoms alone wither or not you have AATD. Many people with AATD are first diagnosed with asthma or other conditions, and a majority of people living with the condition have not been diagnosed. COPD can occur due to cigarette smoking or a combination of other genetic and environmental factors. Liver cirrhosis can occur due to other genetic diseases, contributions of diet, obesity or alcohol use, or a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Medical recommendations outline who should have testing for AATD. For example, they suggest that anyone with COPD or unexplained liver disease should be tested for AATD.

If you suspect you, your family member, or someone you know has AATD, talk to your doctor about testing.

COPD Foundation. Retrieved from

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency. Retrieved from

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