What gene change causes Aarskog syndrome?
Harmful changes (mutations) in the FGD1 gene are known to cause Aarskog syndrome. FGD1 stands for faciogenital dysplasia 1 gene. This is located on the X chromosome (one of the sex chromosomes). The exact location of the FGD1 gene is chromosome Xp11.21. There may be other genetic causes of Aarskog syndrome that are still unknown.
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Does everyone with Aarskog syndrome have a FGD1 gene mutation?
Not everyone with Aarskog syndrome has a FGD1 gene mutation that be identified through genetic testing. FGD1 gene analysis can detect disease mutations in around 20% of individuals with Aarskog syndrome. The cause of Aarskog syndrome in other affected people is unknown.
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